Dog Breeds

The Pug Breed

Pug Dog
Poi Apeles / CC BY-ND 2.0 / Flickr: poiphotography

Pugs are BIG right now. Not in stature, obviously, but in terms of popularity. When X-Factor wannabes are wearing them on their jumper to auditions, you know a star is born. And Pugs ARE little stars, often described as ‘multum in parvo’ (much in little), these balls of playful mischievousness make wonderful pets.

The word Pug comes from the Latin word for ‘fist’, their faces all wrinkled and looking as they do like a scrunched up hand. Unmistakeable in profile and the ultimate loyal dog, the Pug is a comical clown who just loves to love.

Quick Facts

  • AVG Weight: 13 – 20 lbs
  • AVG Height: 10 – 14 inches at the shoulder
  • AVG Lifespan: 12 – 15 years
  • Apartment Living: Yes
  • Level of Exercise: Moderate

Trademark traits

  • Intelligent
  • Cheeky and charming
  • Sometimes stubborn and difficult to train
  • Loves humans and very affectionate
  • Lapdogs


Breed Temperament:

The Pug was originally bred to be a lapdog, making them loving, calm and great at interacting with humans. In fact, if you want a dog that will follow you around the house and act as a ‘hot water dog’ in bed, then the Pug is the breed for you.

They can be quite wilful and this sometimes leads to difficulties in training, however, they respond well to positive reward based training, especially if it involves cuddles. Loyal yet mischievous, they are a fun breed to have in your home and get on well with children and other animals if socialised effectively when a puppy.

Suitable environment:

Pugs are little dogs who can get on well in little places, including apartments. They aren’t prone to yapping and are laid back and dozy indoors, meaning minimal noise to annoy the neighbours!

Their small muzzles mean that they can overheat easily, so Pugs should never be left as outside dogs. Pugs do not need a garden to run around in, as long as they are exercised regularly.

Ideal Owners:

These petite dogs are great within family environments, where they can be showered with affection from all directions, however, they also get along great with just the one person to lavish their love on.

Their wilfulness can make training a little more difficult than other breeds, but assistance from a registered dog trainer means that even novice dog owners can manage Pugs.

Pugs require daily walks so require an owner with good levels of mobility and they shed a LOT, so this breed is a no-no for people with allergies.

Breed Appearance

Who could mistake a Pug? Their faces are so distinctive, with ‘beauty spot’ moles on their cheeks, slight under bite and thumbprint on the muzzle.

Protruding eyes and a smooth, short and silky silver, fawn or black coat added to the mix, with a tightly curled tail and square and sturdy body, the Pug is a dog just screaming to be cuddled because of their cuteness!

Breed History

The Chinese first saw the potential in Pugs and the breed originally dates back to as early as 700 BC. Pugs have often been associated with royalty, beginning as lap dogs for the Han Dynasty Emporers before being smuggled out of China by Dutch traders setting sail to Europe.

Pugs got comfy in the palaces of William III (The Prince of Orange, whose Pug woke him up by barking, preventing an assassination attempt during a conquest), Marie Antoinette and Queen Victoria and were painted by the likes of Hogarth and Goya, such was the fascination with the little pups.

Since then, they have been bred as domestic dogs, who will provide you with laughs and love and a lots of curly tailed cuteness.

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